Labour market

Sustainable growth through green transition


A well-integrated labour market can open new doors to economic growth in Greater Copenhagen. Studies from 2019 show that a fully integrated labour market across Øresund can result in annual gains of up to 2.9 billion DKK in the Danish and Swedish economies together. That kind of growth in GDP would simultaneously increase annual tax revenues in the region up to 1.3 billion DKK.

What we want
In other words, there are plenty of good reasons to work for a more closely integrated labour market in Greater Copenhagen. That’s why Greater Copenhagen’s Board adopted the Labour Market Charter in 2020, which explicitly outlines nine improvements to be made to the region’s labour market. Improvements, which will generate a more well-integrated labour market.

How we will achieve it
The Labour Market Charter grew out of a close collaboration with various stakeholders in the region’s labour market and identifies the nine most significant obstacles to developing the labour market in Greater Copenhagen. Moreover, the charter offers nine corresponding solutions which can contribute to realising the region’s growth potential.

The nine obstacles outlined in the Labour Market charter are:

  1. Better knowledge about the skills of the workforce
  2. Increased coordination of employment initiatives
  3. More flexibility across Greater Copenhagen for highly-qualified workers from other countries
  4. Different employer fees in Denmark and Sweden, which limits mobility
  5. Financial and time-related expenses in relation to transportation across Øresund
  6. Cooperating on skill development and continuing education
  7. Actors in the educational system in the Greater Copenhagen area should streamline their work to meet future demand for skills
  8. Mutual recognition of professional qualifications in Denmark and Sweden
  9. Better provision of information for businesses and employees as well as mutual recognition of national identification papers.


Read Greater Copenhagen’s Labour Market Charter (Danish)

Obstacles at the Border

In 2017, Greater Copenhagen produced a report about obstacles at the border and their socioeconomic consequences for the metropolitan region.

Read the report (Danish)

Project: Initiative for greater mobility for international researchers at the research institutes ESS and MAX IV

In 2016, Greater Copenhagen led a concerted effort to ensure greater mobility for international research scholars, who work at the research institutes ESS and MAX IV. These institutes are located in Lund, but their data centre is located in Copenhagen. Thus, employees need to be able to work in both Sweden and Denmark without being restricted by national rules about mobility and taxation of international labour. This work took place under the auspices of Interreg’s project, Gränshinder, which is part of a larger project, ESS & MAX IV: Cross Border Science and Society. The initiative contributed to the passing of a law in Denmark which enables international researchers to live in Denmark and work in both Sweden and Denmark.

Read the report (Danish): Limitation and opportunities in relation to ESS and MAX IV

Nordic Integration

Greater Copenhagen actively participates in the Nordic Cooperation to promote integration of border regions by identifying and removing border restrictions, which limit the economic growth. Greater Copenhagen participates in the Nordic Cross-Border Committee and receives financial support from the Nordic Council of Ministers.

We work with:


Nordisk Council of Ministers